STUDYBASE Áiseanna Oideachais CB1 Contents : Irish Grammar for Advanced Learners
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CRUINN BEACHT* 1 (CB1)

 

This course is based, with permission, on the textbook

Úrchúrsa Gaeilge
("A New Course in Irish")

by Professor Dónall P. Ó Baoill and Éamonn Ó Tuathaill


 
Each point of grammar is clearly explained and each lesson is followed by a series of simple exercises. These have been converted into interactive online quizzes which are instantly marked at the press of a button. Incorrect answers can be revised again and again until all are correct and earn a top grade of 100%. Students can then submit the completed exercise to be part of their overall record of achievement.

Students experience satisfaction and pride at being able to achieve high marks and become highly motivated to continue. As a result they gain a very thorough grasp of Irish grammar.
 
Topics covered in the course:
01 Nouns: Initial changes in the Nominative Singular and Plural
1.1 The Nominative Singular
1.2 The Nominative Plural
1.3 General directions on how to recognise femine nouns
1.4 Information on Nouns given in the Irish-English Dictionary
02 Nouns: Initial changes in the Dative Singular and Plural
2.1 The Simple Preposition before Noun
2.2 The Dative Singular
2.3 The Dative Plural
2.9 The Genitive Singular
2.10 The Genitive Plural
03 The Plural of Nouns
3.1 Weak plurals and Strong Plurals
3.2 Weak Plurals
3.3 More about Weak Plurals
3.4 Strong Plurals
3.5 The ~eanna, ~anna, ~nna endings
3.6 The ~tha, ~the endings
3.7 The ~(a)í ending
3.8 The ~(e)acha ending
3.9 The Plural of Verbal Nouns
3.10 Summary
04 The Genitive Case - The First and Second Declensions
4.1 The Genitive Case
4.2 The Genitive Singular: Weak plurals
4.3 Class (a)
4.4 Class (b)
4.5 The Genitive Plural: The Weak Plurals' Class
4.6 The Genitive Plural: The Strong Plurals' Class
05 The Genitive Case - in the 3rd, 4th, and 5th Declensions
5.1 The 3rd Declension
5.2 The Genitive Singular in the 3rd Declension
5.3 The Genitive Singular in the 4rd Declension
5.4 The Genitive Singular in the 5th Declension
5.5 The Genitive Plural in the 3rd, 4th, and 5th Declensions
06 Revision 1 (Units 1-5)
07 Lenition of Verbs
7.1 Lenition
7.2 Lenition with Verbal Particle
7.3 Lenition following Verbal Particles
7.4 The Verbal Particle
7.8 Eclipsis on Verbs
7.9 Independent / Dependent Forms
7.10 Verbal Particles with Particular Verbs in the Past Tense
08 Verb Endings
8.1 The Imperative Mood: The 2nd Person Singular- The Root
8.2 The 2nd Person Plural - The First Conjugation
8.3 The 2nd Person Plural - The Second
8.4 The various Persons in the Imperative Mood
8.5 The Past Tense
8.6 The Present Tense: The First Conjugation
8.7 The Present Tense; The Second
8.8 1st Person Singular and Plural in the two Conjugations
8.9 The Irregular Verbs: The Imperative Mood - 2nd Person Singular and Plural
8.10 The Irregular Verbs: The Past Tense and The Present Tense
09 The Future Tense and The Conditional Mood
9.1 The Future Tense
9.2 The Autonomous Verb
9.5 The Conditional Mood: The Endings
9.6 , Mura and Murach
9.7 The Conditional Mood - Use
10 The Impersonal or Autonomous Verb
10.1 Introduction
10.2 State
10.3 Action
10.4 Action v. State
10.8 Use of the "Doer of the Action": The Personal Doer of the Action
10.9 The Impersonal Doer of the Action
10.10 The Personal Doer of the Action with Verbal Adjective
10.11 Personal Forms instead of the Impersonal or Autonomous Verb
10.12 The Impersonal or Autonomous Verb in the various Tenses
10.13 Particular Impersonal/Autonomous Forms
11 Bí, Is + Preposition
11.1 Introductory Notes
11.2 / Is + ar + Preposition
11.3 + Noun + ar
11.4 + Noun + ag + Various Prepositions
11.5 Is / + as + Noun
11.6 + Noun + as
11.7 Is / + de +Noun
11.8 / Is + Noun + do
11.9 Is + Adjective + do
11.10 / Is + le + Noun / a Pronoun
11.11 Is + Adjective + le
11.12 + le
11.13 + faoi + Noun
11.14 + i + Noun
11.15 + thar + Noun
11.16 Prepositional Pronouns
11.17 Emphatic Forms
12 Revision 2 (Units 7-11)
13 An Chopail Is -The Classification Sentence
13.1 Classification Sentences
13.2 Definite and Indefinite Nouns
13.3 Answers to Classification Questions
13.4 Classification Sentences in Reported or Indirect Speech
14 An Chopail Is -Identificatory Sentences
14.1 Identificatory Sentences: Examples
14.2 Classification and Identificatory Sentences Compared
14.3 Rules for the Identificatory Sentence
14.4 The words a and the in English sentences compared
14.5 Questions: Cé? / Cén?
14.6 Questions: An? and Nach?
14.7 Identificatory Sentences in Reported / Indirect Speech
14.13 The Verb + i
15 Tá, Bíonn
15.1 The Present Tense (Tá / Níl / An bhfuil?)
The Habitual (or Consuetudinal) Present Tense (Bíonn / Ní bhíonn / An mbíonn?)
15.6 The Imperfect Tense (Past Habitual tense)
15.7 The Imperfect (Past Habitual) and The Past Tense together
15.8 The Analytic and Synthetic Forms
15.9 Ba ghnách / Ba mhinic + the Verbal Noun
15.10 The Past Tense
15.11 The Past and Imperfect Tenses Compared
15.12 Conflict between spelling and pronunciation in various Tenses / Moods
16 The Cardinal Numbers
16.1 The Numbers 1-10
16.2 The Numbers 11-19
16.3 Numbers with Plural Nouns
16.4 Adjectives following nouns and numbers
16.5 The words Bos, Lámh, Cos, Bróg and Cluas
16.6 Personal Numbers: Counting People
16.7 The Personal Numbers + Noun
16.8 Numbers ending in 0
16.9 The word Cúpla
17 Numbers above 20
17.1 Numbers between 20 and 100
17.2 Numbers above a hundred
17.3 Vocabulary relating to Numbers
17.4 Ordinal Numbers
17.5 An Méid
18 Revision 3 (Units 13-17)
19 Situation, Movement and Direction
19.1 Suas, síos - anuas, aníos
19.2 Movement
19.3 Situation
19.4 Direction
19.5 Situation
19.6 Other Adverbs of Direction and Situation
19.7 Revision
20 Days, Months, Feast Days and Seasons of the Year
20.1 The Days of the Week
20.2 The Months of the Year
20.3 Feast Days during the Year
20.4 The Seasons
21 A Point of time or a Period of Time
21.1 A Definite or Indefinite Point of Time
21.2 A Short Indefinite Period of Time
21.3 A Continuous Period: The Preposition le
21.4 The Compound Prepositions
21.5 Time that is past / Time that is to come
22 Possession and Ownership
22.1 The Possessive Adjectives and cuid
22.2 mo chuid, do chuid, a chuid, a cuid;
ár gcuid, bhur gcuid, a gcuid;
22.5 Possession with a Definite Noun
22.8 Indefinite Nouns, The Genitive and de
22.9 Numbers and de
23 Emphasising and Focusing
23.1 Emphatic suffixes
23.2 Examples
23.6 Cuid / Ceann
23.7 Qualifiers - Particular Adjectives and Adverbs
23.8 How to emphasise Verbs
23.9 How to emphasise Words / Phrases other than Verbs
23.10 Emphasise Classification Sentences in which is used.
23.11 Stress of the voice
23.12 The Official Standard
24 Revision 4 (Units 19-23)
25 Verbs + The Preposition "ar"
25.1 Introduction
25.2 Verb + ar
25.3 Verb + Noun + ar
25.4 Other sayings (Verb + Noun + ar)
26 Verbs + Preposition + Noun.
26.1 as + Noun
26.2 Verb + as + Noun
26.3 Verb + Noun + as
26.4 de + Noun
26.5 Verb + de
26.6 Verb + de + Noun
26.7 Verb + Noun + de
26.8 do + Noun
26.9 Verb + Noun + do
26.10 Verb + faoi + Noun, or Verb + Noun + faoi
26.11 Verb + i + Noun
26.12 le + Noun
26.13 Verbs which require le
26.14 Verb + le + Noun
26.15 Various idioms
27 Adjectives
27.1 The Singular Number of the Adjective
27.2 The Case of Ulster Chúige Uladh
27.3 The Plural of the Adjective
27.4 Lenition of an Adjective in the Plural
27.5 Adjectives that are abbreviated
27.6 Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives
28 The Genitive Case of the Adjective
28.1 Introduction
28.2 The Genitive Singular
28.3 Adjectives that are not inflected
28.4 Adjectives with Feminine Nouns
28.5 The Genitive Plural
29 Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)
29.1 Conjunctive Particles in Reported/Indirect Speech
29.2 Change of Person in Pronouns and Verbs
29.3 Tense Changes
29.4 Changes to The Imperative Mood in Reported/Indirect Speech
29.5 The Copula "Is" sentence in Reported/Indirect Speech
30 Revision 5 (Units 25-29)
31 The Direct Relative Clause (Nominative or Accusative/Objective Case)
31.1 From Simple Sentences to Direct Relative Clause (Except in the Past Tense)
31.2 Rules (Except in the Past Tense)
31.3 The Direct Relative Clause in the Past Tense
31.4 Particular Irregular Verbs
31.5 The Object as Antecedent - Ambiguity
31.6 Table 1: The Direct Relative Clause in all tenses except the Past
31.7 Table 2: The Direct Relative Clause in the Past Tense
31.8 Tábla 3: The Autonomous Verb i Relative Clauses (except the Past Tense)
31.9 "The Relative Form" of the Verb
31.10 Adverbs of Time
32 The Indirect Relative Clause
32.1 The Indirect Relative Clause (based on Simple Sentences)
32.2 Three kinds of Indirect Relative Clauses
32.3 Clauses based on Nouns in the Genitive
32.6 Clauses based on Nouns in the Dative
32.7 The Prepositional Pronoun before the Relative Particle
32.9 The Antecedent as Object
32.10 The Indirect Relative Clause - in the Past Tense
32.11 The Object and Indirect Clauses
32.12 The Autonomous Verb in the Indirect Relative Clause - All Tenses
32.13 Clásal Coibhneasta an Mhéid
33 The Relative Forms of the Copula "Is"
33.1 Direct Relative Clauses
33.2 Indirect Relative Clauses
33.3 Indirect Relative Clauses in the Present Tense
33.4 Indirect Relative Clauses in the Past Tense / Conditional Mood
33.5 Comparison between (a) Direct Relative Clauses and (b) Indirect Relative Clauses
34 Placenames and Names of People
34.1 Introduction
34.4 Baptismal Names and Surnames in Placenames
34.7 First Names and Surnames
34.8 Ó-Surnames
34.9 Mac-Surnames
34.10 De-Surnames: [They are not inflected.]
34.11 Adjectival Surnames
34.12 Surnames that do not change.
34.14 Close and Distant Relatives. Clann / Muintir
34.15 Some forms of speech
34.16 Vocabulary
34.17 The Beginning of a Letter: the Date and the Greeting
34.18 Use of a Title
35 The Vocative, The Dative, and The Genitive
35.1 The Vocative Singular
35.2 The Vocative Plural
35.3 The Genitive
35.4 The Dative
35.5 How Nouns are created (Abstract Nouns included)
35.6 Exclamation
35.7 Particular Compound Words
35.9 The Verbal Noun
35.10 The Verbal Noun and The Verbal Adjective
35.11 Table 1
35.12 The Verbal Adjective
35.13 Examples of the Verbal Noun in Use
36 Revision 6 (Units 31-35)

*CRUINN BEACHT: Originally we had intended to produce courses under this name.
Cruinn means "accurate" and beacht means "precise". We have retained CB in the
ID of the Irish courses.